“Neither the 1951 Refugee Convention nor EU law requires a refugee to claim asylum in one country rather than another... There is no rule requiring refugees to claim in the first safe country in which they arrive.” - Amnesty International
Refugees are not “invading”. They are not “coming over here to take our jobs”. They have a right to be here. All they want is somewhere safe to call home.
Article 1 of the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, which the UK signed, defines a refugee as;
“A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.”
An asylum seeker is defined by Amnesty International as;
"an individual who is seeking international protection. In countries with individualised procedures, an asylum seeker is someone whose claim has not yet been finally decided on by the country in which he or she has submitted it."
This means that:
- Refugees have the right to employment.
- Refugees have the same right to welfare as UK citizens.
- Have the same elementary educations rights as UK citizens.
- Refugees lawfully the UK have the right to choose their place of residence and move freely throughout the country.
- Refugees shall not pay higher or other government charges than nationals in similar circumstances
- Refugees coming directly from a territory where their life or freedom was threatened in the sense of article 1 shall not have penalties imposed on account of illegal entry or presence, provided they show good cause for any illegality.
- Refugees lawfully in the UK will not be expelled except on grounds of national security or public order.
- Refugees have the right to easy assimilation and naturalisation.
And many other fundamental rights, which you can read in full here.
Unfortunately, the UK Government chooses to stoke up hatred and division - allowing false narratives about how refugees must claim asylum in the first safe country they come to, and that they are not contributing to society. You can look at any news article and see comments reading
"About time this government put a stop to this and put our bloody pensions up what we paid in for", or
"In search of our benefits and free housing more like, whilst we who live here suffer!".
Currently, refugees are entitled to just £5.39 per day (2019) - a paltry amount which people may have to support their families with for potentially up to a year. This is no way to live, especially when they experience hate crime both physically and verbally.
Asylum seekers who are awaiting a decision on their claim can only work after 12 months of being here, and only if they can fill a role on the Government’s ‘shortage occupation list’. This further adds to the inequality they are faced with upon arrival in the UK, and also makes it harder to find work and can fuel racially induced hate from people who think that they're only coming to take from the welfare system.
The Liberal Democrats have worked hard to make it easier for refugees to build a life in the UK. Lib Dem MP Christine Jardine introduced the Asylum Seekers (Permission to work) Bill in 2019 to allow asylum seekers to request employment after 3 months of living in the UK, rather than a whole year.
You would do anything to protect your family, so why shouldn't they?